The shocking truth about postwar adoption in America, told through the bittersweet story of one teenager, the son she was forced to relinquish, and their search to find each other During the Baby Boom in 1960s America, women were encouraged to stay home and raise large families, but sex and childbirth were taboo subjects. Premarital sex was common, but birth control was hard to get and abortion was illegal. In 1961, sixteen-year-old Margaret Erle fell in love and became pregnant. Her enraged family sent her to a maternity home, and after she gave birth, she wasn't even allowed her to hold her own son. Social workers threatened her with jail until she signed away her parental rights. Her son vanished, his whereabouts and new identity known only to an adoption agency that would never share the slightest detail about his fate. Claiming to be acting in the best interests of all, the adoption business was founded on secrecy and lies. American Baby lays out how a lucrative and exploitative industry removed children from their birth mothers and placed them with hopeful families, fabricating stories about infants' origins and destinations, then closing the door firmly between the parties forever. Adoption agencies and other organizations that purported to help pregnant women struck unethical deals with doctors and researchers for pseudoscientific "assessments," and shamed millions of young women into surrendering their children. Gabrielle Glaser dramatically demonstrates the power of the expectations and institutions that Margaret faced. Margaret went on to marry and raise a large family with David's father, but she never stopped longing for and worrying about her firstborn. She didn't know he spent the first years of his life living just a few blocks away from her; as he grew, he wondered about where he came from and why he was given up. Their tale--one they share with millions of Americans--is one of loss, love, and the search for identity. Adoption's closed records are b
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"Includes research on adoption documents rarely open to historians . . . an important addition to the literature on adoption. Highly Recommended." ---Choice "Sheds new light on the roots of this complex and fascinating institution." ---Library Journal "Well-written and accessible . . . showcases the wide-ranging scholarship underway on the history of adoption." ---Adoptive Families "[T]his volume is a significant contribution to the literature and can serve as a catalyst for further research." ---Social Service Review Adoption affects an estimated 60 percent of Americans, but despite its pervasiveness, this social institution has been little examined and poorly understood. Adoption in America gathers essays on the history of adoptions and orphanages in the United States. Offering provocative interpretations of a variety of issues, including antebellum adoption and orphanages; changing conceptions of adoption in late-nineteenth-century novels; Progressive Era reform and adoptive mothers; the politics of "matching" adoptive parents with children; the radical effect of World War II on adoption practices; religion and the reform of adoption; and the construction of birth mother and adoptee identities, the essays in Adoption in America will be debated for many years to come.
This volume explores the history of babies in the United States from 1900 to the present, covering such issues as attitudes toward babies and significant advances in the health of babies.
- Author : Lori Askeland
- Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
- Release Date : 2006
- Genre : Family & Relationships
- Pages : 222
- ISBN : 0313331839
Written by experts in the field, this authoritative and accessible volume is the first comprehensive introductory history of adoption and foster care in the U.S. from the colonial period to the present, giving particular attention to the controversies surrounding interracial adoption and international adoption now.
- Author : Anonim
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 1934
- Genre : Anthropology
- Pages : 231
- ISBN : PSU:000007681691
An investigation into the Guatemalan adoption industry and its relationship to the United States examining the experience and politics of a new industry shrouded in secrecy.
The controversies in adoption have extended across a spectrum of policy and practice issues, and although the issues have become clear, resolution has not been achieved nor has consensus developed regarding a framework on which to improve the quality of adoption policy and practice. This book is the third in a series to use an ethics-based framework for analyzing and resolving these complex challenges in adoption while avoiding the divisiveness that has heretofore impeded their resolution. This book, presented in four parts, focuses on the many ways that adoption may affect each member of the adoption triad. Part 1 presents information on the historical context of adoption in the United States, from colonial times through the current day. Part 2 examines the impact of adoption on the adopted person and considers children's and adolescents' adjustment and well-being, adolescents' identity formation, adult adoptees' access to information, and adoptees' searches and reunions with biological parents. Part 3 considers the impact of adoption on birth parents, including the individual's sense of personal integrity and well-being related to open adoption practices and involuntary termination of parental rights. Part 4 examines the impact of adoption on prospective adoptive parents, adoptive parents, and adoptive families, focusing on the psychological and social processes involved in becoming adoptive parents, the processes involved in being approved to parent, and issues related to adoptive parents' right to adopt and decisions to adopt particular children. (Contains 394 references.) (KB)
- Author : Norman E. Alessi
- Publisher : Wiley
- Release Date : 1997-04-04
- Genre : Psychology
- Pages : 704
- ISBN : 0471550787
This four-volume text features contributions from over 300 researchers and clinicians. Volumes 1, 2 and 3 explore the developmental stages and syndromes of infancy and preschool, grade school and adolescence. Each volume addresses the normal development during each period, the theoretical and clinical perspectives and the clinical syndromes most commonly associated with it. Volume 4 explores the varieties of development and the impact of psychosocial, medical, and foreign cultural factors on development of all three age groups.
Parental loss of a child is unlike any other loss. The grief of parents is particularly severe, complicated and long lasting, with major and unparalleled symptom fluctuations over time. Parental Loss of a Child investigates this specific and quite unique case of bereavement.
William Francis White (1829-1891?) and his young wife sailed from New York in 1849 round the Horn to San Francisco, where he set up an import business. He later represented Santa Cruz in the state constitutional convention and served as a bank commissioner. A picture of pioneer times in California (1881), written under the pseudonym "William Grey," presents White's revisionist version of California history challenging the picture presented in the 1854 Annals of San Francisco. In particular, he attacks the Annals' discussion of the Mission Fathers and the Mission Indians, the United States conquest of California in the Mexican War, discovery of gold at Sutter's Fort, and the role of women during the Gold Rush. He also reminisces about his voyage to California and experiences as a San Francisco merchant, 1849-1850, as well as legends of the gold mines. The volume concludes with three fictional tales of California in the Gold Rush.
Chronicles the effects of secrecy and disclosure on the public policies, legal history, and cultural meanings of adoption
Applied ethics, a subdiscipline of philosophy, lends itself to an encyclopedia format because of the many industries and intellectual fields that it encompasses. The Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics is based on twelve major categories, such as Biomedical Ethics and Environmental Ethics. Religious traditions that embody normative beliefs, as well as classical theories of ethics, are explored in a non-judgmental manner. Each of the twelve categories is divided into discrete areas that are covered by 5,000-6,000 word articles. Each of the 281 articles begins with a definition of the subject and includes a table of contents, glossary of key terms, and bibliography. Second- and third- level headings, boxes, sidebars, and the like emphasize the reference-oriented nature of the material. The four volumes are arranged in an A-Z format, with a complete subject index at the end of the last volume. Articles are written by international experts, arranged alphabetically by title, not by subject, and cross-referenced so the reader can locate relevant information in other articles.
Children's Literature: An Issues Approach, Third Edition is an invaluable text and resource guide to the critical study and selection of books for children from kindergarten through junior high school. Written for teachers, librarians, and anyone interested in introducing young people to the joy and benefits of reading, it examines children's literature and its treatment of important, sometimes controversial issues. Focusing on the personal and societal concerns of today's youth including sexuality, divorce, heritage, abuse, and death it offers practical suggestions for using books to help children successfully confront these matters.