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Presents the eminent Austrian psychoanalyst's views on the irreconcilable antagonism between instinctual drives and the repressive attitudes of civilization.
"Civilized" Sexual Morality and Modern Nervous Illness, Vol. IX (1959); Thoughts for the Times on War and Death, Vol. XIV (1957); Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego, Vol.XVIII (1955); The Future of an Illusion, Civilization and its Discontents, Vol. XXI (1961); Why War?, Vol. XXII (1964).
French Civilization and Its Discontents: Nationalism, Colonialism, Race explores the ways in which considerations of difference, especially colonialism, post-colonialism, and race, have shaped French culture and French studies in the modern era. Rejecting traditional assimilationist notions of French national identity, contributors to this groundbreaking volume demonstrate how literature, history and other aspects of what is considered French civilization have been shaped by processes of creolization and differentiation.
Analyzes Freud's "Civilization and Its Discontents" and explores the connections between Freud's philosophical views on the human condition and the substance and development of his theory.
The first history of the deaccession of objects from museum collections that defends deaccession as an essential component of museum practice. Museums often stir controversy when they deaccession works—formally remove objects from permanent collections—with some critics accusing them of betraying civic virtue and the public trust. In fact, Martin Gammon argues in Deaccessioning and Its Discontents, deaccession has been an essential component of the museum experiment for centuries. Gammon offers the first critical history of deaccessioning by museums from the seventeenth to the twenty-first century, and exposes the hyperbolic extremes of “deaccession denial”—the assumption that deaccession is always wrong—and “deaccession apology”—when museums justify deaccession by finding some fault in the object—as symptoms of the same misunderstanding of the role of deaccessions in proper museum practice. He chronicles a series of deaccession events in Britain and the United States that range from the disastrous to the beneficial, and proposes a typology of principles to guide future deaccessions. Gammon describes the liquidation of the British Royal Collections after Charles I's execution—when masterworks were used as barter to pay the king's unpaid bills—as establishing a precedent for future deaccessions. He recounts, among other episodes, U.S. Civil War veterans who tried to reclaim their severed limbs from museum displays; the 1972 “Hoving affair,” when the Metropolitan Museum of Art sold a number of works to pay for a Velázquez portrait; and Brandeis University's decision (later reversed) to close its Rose Art Museum and sell its entire collection of contemporary art. An appendix provides the first extensive listing of notable deaccessions since the seventeenth century. Gammon ultimately argues that vibrant museums must evolve, embracing change, loss, and reinvention.
Uncovers the queer logics of premodern religious and secular texts Putting premodern theology and poetry in dialogue with contemporary theory and politics, Queer Faith reassess the commonplace view that a modern veneration of sexual monogamy and fidelity finds its roots in Protestant thought. What if this narrative of “history and tradition” suppresses the queerness of its own foundational texts? Queer Faith examines key works of the prehistory of monogamy—from Paul to Luther, Petrarch to Shakespeare—to show that writing assumed to promote fidelity in fact articulates the affordances of promiscuity, both in its sexual sense and in its larger designation of all that is impure and disorderly. At the same time, Melissa E. Sanchez resists casting promiscuity as the ethical, queer alternative to monogamy, tracing instead how ideals of sexual liberation are themselves attached to nascent racial and economic hierarchies. Because discourses of fidelity and freedom are also discourses on racial and sexual positionality, excavating the complex historical entanglement of faith, race, and eroticism is urgent to contemporary queer debates about normativity, agency, and relationality. Deliberately unfaithful to disciplinary norms and national boundaries, this book assembles new conceptual frameworks at the juncture of secular and religious thought, political and aesthetic form. It thereby enlarges the contexts, objects, and authorized genealogies of queer scholarship. Retracing a history that did not have to be, Sanchez recovers writing that inscribes radical queer insights at the premodern foundations of conservative and heteronormative culture.
Scholars of ecocriticism have long tried to articulate emotional relationships to environments. Only recently, however, have they begun to draw on the complex interdisciplinary body of research known as affect theory. Affective Ecocriticism takes as its premise that ecocritical scholarship has much to gain from the rich work on affect and emotion happening within social and cultural theory, geography, psychology, philosophy, queer theory, feminist theory, narratology, and neuroscience, among others. This vibrant and important volume imagines a more affective—and consequently more effective—ecocriticism, as well as a more environmentally attuned affect studies. These interdisciplinary essays model a range of approaches to emotion and affect in considering a variety of primary texts, including short story collections, films, poetry, curricular programs, and contentious geopolitical locales such as Canada’s Tar Sands. Several chapters deal skeptically with familiar environmentalist affects like love, hope, resilience, and optimism; others consider what are often understood as negative emotions, such as anxiety, disappointment, and homesickness—all with an eye toward reinvigorating or reconsidering their utility for the environmental humanities and environmentalism. Affective Ecocriticism offers an accessible approach to this theoretical intersection that will speak to readers across multiple disciplinary and geographic locations.
Explores the diverse ways in which Jews have changed themselves to become part of modern society and, at the same time, influenced those societies they entered, in a study of the unique character of Jewish identity
“Civilization” is a constantly invoked term. It is used by both politicians and scholars. How useful, in fact, is this term? Civilization and Its Contents traces the origins of the concept in the eighteenth century. It shows its use as a colonial ideology, and then as a support for racism. The term was extended to a dead society, Egyptian civilization, and was appropriated by Japan, China, and Islamic countries. This latter development lays the groundwork for the contemporary call for a “dialogue of civilizations.” The author proposes instead that today the use of the term “civilization” has a global meaning, with local variants recognized as cultures. It may be more appropriate, however, to abandon the name “civilization” and to focus on a new understanding of the civilizing process.
Provides fifty-one texts spanning Freud's career, including his writings on psychoanalysis, mind, dreams, sexuality, literature, religion, art, politics, and culture
This text is primarily concerned with enhancing the reader's study by focusing on particular themes developed within the traditional chronological framework of western civilization. Historical themes, such as Myth and Reality in the Ancient World, Church and State in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, Politics, Society, and Revolution in 18th-century Europe, and New Imperialism, allow instructor and student alike to engage in an in-depth analysis of some of the most important aspects of the development of civilization. The readings contained in this volume extend from the beginning of civilization in the Ancient Near East and Egypt through the Modern Age and provide balanced coverage of periods and aspects of the history of western civilization.
- Author : Michael D. Richards
- Publisher : Greenwood
- Release Date : 2000
- Genre : Education
- Pages : 335
- ISBN : STANFORD:36105028493497
Organizes significant twentieth-century political, social, economic, and social events covered by world history curricula into chronological order, and suggests six term paper ideas for each event.