Relates the stories of courageous non-Jewish teenagers who rescued Jews from the Nazis.
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During the German occupation of Norway during World War II, the Norwegians kept spirits high and fostered resistance by humour. The author examines how this seemingly frivolous humour in fact contributed to the development of a resistance mentality in a country stunned by the German invasion.
"A terrifying and timely account of resistance in the face of the greatest of evils.”—Alex Kershaw, New York Times bestselling author of The First Wave An enthralling story that vividly resurrects the web of everyday Germans who resisted Nazi rule Nazi Germany is remembered as a nation of willing fanatics. But beneath the surface, countless ordinary, everyday Germans actively resisted Hitler. Some passed industrial secrets to Allied spies. Some forged passports to help Jews escape the Reich. For others, resistance was as simple as writing a letter denouncing the rigidity of Nazi law. No matter how small the act, the danger was the same--any display of defiance was met with arrest, interrogation, torture, and even death. Defying Hitler follows the underground network of Germans who believed standing against the Fuhrer to be more important than their own survival. Their bravery is astonishing--a schoolgirl beheaded by the Gestapo for distributing anti-Nazi fliers; a German American teacher who smuggled military intel to Soviet agents, becoming the only American woman executed by the Nazis; a pacifist philosopher murdered for his role in a plot against Hitler; a young idealist who joined the SS to document their crimes, only to end up, to his horror, an accomplice to the Holocaust. This remarkable account illuminates their struggles, yielding an accessible narrative history with the pace and excitement of a thriller.
Moving first-hand accounts of Jewish resistance during the Holocaust are supported by photographs, ritual objects, and art produced clandestinely by Jews in ghettos and camps. Several entries are from well-known resistance figures such as Abba Kovner, the first to raise a cry for armed Jewish resistance; Rabbi Leo Baeck, who spearheaded attempts to save German Jewry; and Dr. Janusz Korczak, who protected 200 orphans in the Warsaw Ghetto. This anthology of written and visual materials illustrates the tremendous resourcefulness, diverse methods, and daring initiatives of Jewish men and women in occupied countries who risked their lives defying their Nazi oppressors, saving their fellow Jews, and preserving their Jewish traditions.
The central theme of this book is that -- contrary to popular myth -- our Sixteenth President actually provides more reason for DOUBT than for VINDICATION of the universal viability & effectiveness of political democracy. Lincoln's view of leadership was in his own words: "In a storm at sea, no one on board can wish the ship to sink; & yet, not infrequently all go down together, because too many will direct, & no single mind should be allowed to control." Despite his historical image, our Authoritarian Savior's methods, employed to rescue a foundering representative political system, cannot be reconciled with any intellectually honest notion of "democracy." How that was possible is analyzed in relation to the divisions of the American body politic & the extraordinary personal qualities of Lincoln. This book, scholarly but highly readable, will be of value to those interested in Lincoln, the Civil War, & in recurring challenges to democracy everywhere. It will be suitable as reading material for the general public & an appropriate gift for the historically minded. Published by Groth Associates, Inc., 505 Second Street, Davis, CA 95616. FAX: (916) 758-7403.
“A Nazi resistance story like none you’ve ever heard or read.” —Hampton Sides, author of Ghost Soldiers and On Desperate Ground "Every page is gripping, and the amount of new research is nothing short of mind-boggling. A brilliant book for the ages!” —Douglas Brinkley, author of American Moonshot Paper Bullets is the first book to tell the history of an audacious anti-Nazi campaign undertaken by an unlikely pair: two French women, Lucy Schwob and Suzanne Malherbe, who drew on their skills as Parisian avant-garde artists to write and distribute “paper bullets”—wicked insults against Hitler, calls to rebel, and subversive fictional dialogues designed to demoralize Nazi troops occupying their adopted home on the British Channel Island of Jersey. Devising their own PSYOPS campaign, they slipped their notes into soldier’s pockets or tucked them inside newsstand magazines. Hunted by the secret field police, Lucy and Suzanne were finally betrayed in 1944, when the Germans imprisoned them, and tried them in a court martial, sentencing them to death for their actions. Ultimately they survived, but even in jail, they continued to fight the Nazis by reaching out to other prisoners and spreading a message of hope. Better remembered today by their artist names, Claude Cahun and Marcel Moore, the couple’s actions were even more courageous because of who they were: lesbian partners known for cross-dressing and creating the kind of gender-bending work that the Nazis would come to call “degenerate art.” In addition, Lucy was half Jewish, and they had communist affiliations in Paris, where they attended political rallies with Surrealists and socialized with artists like Gertrude Stein. Paper Bullets is a compelling World War II story that has not been told before, about the galvanizing power of art, and of resistance.
An account of Jewish pacifism in the 20th century, including in the World War I period, Mandate Palestine, the Vietnam war, the State of Israel. Ch. 6 (p. 118-143), "The Loss of Innocence: Abraham Cronbach and Jewish Pacifism in the Second World War, " relates the motivations of Jews in Britain and the USA who opposed their countries' participation in the war, despite their knowledge of what the Nazis were doing to the Jews. In part, they were reacting to antisemitic allegations that the Jews had a vested interest in the war against Germany and were the main warmongers. Ch. 7 (p. 144-165), "Conscience or Compliance? Non-Violence and the Holocaust, " reflects on the nature of the largely non-violent Jewish reaction to the Nazi genocide. Jewish tradition does not approve of violence or raising arms in reaction to persecution, and prescribes non-retaliation. The non-violent pattern of behavior, deeply ingrained in the Jewish psyche and having manifested itself during the Holocaust, is dictated both by expediency (i.e. not to offer resistance when it is likely to claim many victims and there is no chance for victory) and by the pacifism of Jewish tradition.
A biographical portrait of Cato Bjonets van Beek, a young women who joined a group of non-Jewish Germans who rejected Hitler's master plan, worked actively for the restoration of individual rights, and whose eventual recuitment into a Soviet spy ring called the "Red Orchestra" resulted in her death.
Beginning with the roots of anti-Semitism in early Christian Europe, this book traces the evolution of the Jewish stereotype as the evil “other,” which culminated in Adolf Hitler’s war against the Jews, wherein he sought to eliminate through mass murder every Jewish man, woman and child. It includes most recent scholarship on the Holocaust which reflects the recent rise of Neo-Nazism, anti-Semitism, and xenophobia throughout the West, including the United States. This third edition of Historical Dictionary of the Holocaust contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 600 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, issues, and events that led to the murder of six-million Jews, and millions of other groups by Nazi Germany. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about the Holocaust.
The first book to pair the story of a Holocaust victim with that of a liberator, All the Horrors of War compels readers to consider the full, complex humanity of both.
Traces the development of political, social, and economic conditions in Germany from 1914 to the end of World War II
The Moment of Liberation in Western Europe, 1943-1948, regards the final two years of World War II and the immediate post-liberation period as a moment in twentieth century history, when the shape and contours of postwar Western Europe appeared highly uncertain and various alternatives and conflicting visions were up for grabs. After close to six years of total war, Nazi terror, and brutal occupation policies, a growing number of Europeans were no longer content solely to fight for national liberation from fascist control. Having staked their lives in military and civilian resistance to Nazism and Italian fascism across the continent, surviving activists were aiming to ensure that such a political and social catastrophe would never befall Europe again. In the closing moments of World War II, hundreds of thousands of antifascist activists had begun to identify with the famous quote penned by the exiled German social theorists, Max Horkheimer, who had boldly proclaimed in early September 1939: 'Whoever is not prepared to talk about capitalism should also remain silent about fascism.' The economic and political elites in prewar societies were increasingly regarded as co-responsible for war, fascism, and occupation policies, from which many had benefited significantly and often enthusiastically. There were extensive popular social movements at work in almost every single state which aimed to construct postwar societies in which grassroots democracy and the free association of rank-and-file activists would replace the profit principle and the top-down Jacobin orientation by traditional elites. This study for the first time reconstructs the parameters of this contest over the shape of postwar Western Europe from a consistently transnational perspective.