Over twenty-five years and through five editions, Walter I. Trattner's From Poor Law to Welfare State has served as the standard text on the history of welfare policy in the United States. The only comprehensive account of American social welfare history from the colonial era to the present, the new sixth edition has been updated to include the latest developments in our society as well as trends in social welfare. Trattner provides in-depth examination of developments in child welfare, public health, and the evolution of social work as a profession, showing how all these changes affected the treatment of the poor and needy in America. He explores the impact of public policies on social workers and other helping professions -- all against the backdrop of social and intellectual trends in American history. From Poor Law to Welfare State directly addresses racism and sexism and pays special attention to the worsening problems of child abuse, neglect, and homelessness. Topics new to this sixth edition include: A review of President Clinton's health-care reform and its failure, and his efforts to "end welfare as we know it" Recent developments in child welfare including an expanded section on the voluntary use of children's institutions by parents in the nineteenth century, and the continued discrimination against black youth in the juvenile justice system An in-depth discussion of Charles Murray and Richard Herrnstein's controversial book, The Bell Curve, which provided social conservatives new weapons in their war on the black poor and social welfare in general The latest information on AIDS and the reappearance of tuberculosis -- and their impact on public health policy A new Preface and Conclusion, and substantially updated Bibliographies Written for students in social work and other human service professions, From Poor Law to Welfare State: A History of Social Welfare in America is also an essential resource for historians, political scientists, sociologists, and p
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Walter I. Trattner is Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
The idea of a guaranteed minimum income has been central to British social policy debates for more than a century. Since the First World War, a variety of market economists, radical activists, and social reformers have emphasized the possibility of tackling poverty through direct cash transfers between the state and its citizens. As manufacturing employment has declined and wage inequality has grown since the 1970s, cash benefits and tax credits have become an important source of income for millions of working-age households, including many low-paid workers with children. The nature and purpose of these transfer payments, however, remain highly contested. Conservative and New Labour governments have used in-work benefits and conditionality requirements to 'activate' the unemployed and reinforce the incentives to take low-paid work - an approach which has reached its apogee in Universal Credit. By contrast, a growing number of campaigners have argued that the challenge of providing economic security in an age of automation would be better met by paying a Universal Basic Income to all citizens. Transfer State provides the first detailed history of guaranteed income proposals in modern Britain, which brings together intellectual history and archival research to show how the pursuit of an integrated tax and benefit system has shaped UK public policy since 1918. The result is a major new analysis of the role of cash transfers in the British welfare state which sets Universal Credit in a historical perspective and examines the cultural and political barriers to a Universal Basic Income.
Federal and California Evidence Rules: With Notes, Comments, Selected Legislative History, and Comparative Commentary, 2020-2021 Edition
Why do so few countries achieve development success? Achieving development requires many changes over a short period of time, generating instability and risk. It is a deep and integrated economy of change involving force, strategic thinking, and ideological conviction - it emerges when successful development is seen as necessary for the survival of a political order. Developmentalism engages with the moral issues that this raises. Developmentalism: The Normative and Transformative within Capitalism uses a historical comparative approach to understand development as a transformation which involves a deep and integrated political economy of change - a shift from a state of 'capital-ascendance' to 'capital dominance'. It is only through a transformation towards capital dominance that mass poverty reduction and the construction of a commonwealth are possible. However, capitalist development is extremely difficult and requires a highly exacting political endeavour. The politics of development is conceptualized as developmentalism: a strategy and ideology in which governments exercise heavy directive power, endure instability and crisis, and secure a rudimentary legitimacy for their efforts. This book argues that developmentalism requires a conflation of successful capitalist transformation with some form of existential insecurity of the state itself. It flourishes when capitalist transformation connects to profound questions of sovereignty, statehood, nation-building, and elite survival. Developmentalism shows deep contextualisation of capitalist transformation as well as the massive improvements in material life that it has generated.
The rise of the welfare state threatens the autonomy and survival of nonprofit voluntary agencies as providers of social services. Or does it? In this cross-national, empirical study of the workings of voluntary agencies, Ralph M. Kramer cuts through the conceptual confusion surrounding voluntarism and the boundaries between the public and private sectors. He draws on a survey of voluntary agencies helping disabled people in four welfare democracies (the United States, England, Israel, and the Netherlands) to explain the virtues and flaws of different patterns of government-voluntary relationships in coping with the growing demand for human services. Kramer concludes that many of the most cherished beliefs about the voluntary sector have little basis in fact. The most innovative agencies, for example, are not the smallest, but rather among the largest, most bureaucratized, and most professionalized. Government funding does not necessarily constrain agency autonomy. And giving voluntary agencies the primary responsibility for social services can reduce, not increase, citizen participation. This comparative analysis of the distinctive competence, vulnerability, and potential of the voluntary agency should replace some of the myths that guide public policy and the day-to-day activities of social service agencies. This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press’s mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1981.
This popular introductory text is written by two of the best-known authors in the social work and social welfare fields. The sixth edition continues to examine the values, ethics, and knowledge needed by social workers, as well as exploring social workers' current roles in social welfare programs. Strong coverage of the history of social welfare movements throughout the text allows students to place developments in a historical context. Highlights of the Sixth Edition: NEW data from National Opinion Research Corporation (NORC) interviews demonstrate the range of ideological identifications among Americans along a liberal-conservative continuum and describe the range of positions on particular social welfare issues. NEW photographs further liven up this well-designed, student-friendly text. More emphasis on the position that, in order to really understand social welfare, one must understand the ideological positions that shape it. Student access code to "Research Navigator(TM)" included, granting students access to four exclusive databases of credible and reliable source material. "Research Navigator(TM)" helps students quickly and efficiently make the most of their research time. Visit www.researchnavigator.com to learn more. Don't Miss These Special Value Pack Options: Allyn & Bacon's "The Career Center" offers registered students eight 30-minute sessions with a career specialist. This $25.00 retail value is AVAILABLE AT NO ADDITIONAL COST when packaged with any Allyn & Bacon social work textbook. For more information about "The Career Center "visit www.ablongman.com/careercenter, or contact your local Allyn & Bacon representative and request a special packaging code to take advantage of this great offer. "Thinking about a Career in Social Work," Leon Ginsberg This handy supplement is the perfect companion to any Allyn & Bacon social work text. It includes information on social work education, finding employment, salaries and benefits, and licensing and legal regul
This book examines the debates preceding and surrounding the 1838 act on the nature of Irish poverty and the responsibilities of society towards it. It traces the various campaigns for a poor law from the later eighteenth century. The nature and internal frictions of the great Irish poor inquiry of 1833-36 are analyzed, along with the policy recommendations made by its chair, Archbishop Whately. It considers the aims and limitations of the government’s measure and the public reaction to it in Ireland and Britain. Finally, it describes the implementation of the Poor Law between 1838 and 1843 under the controversial direction of George Nicholls. It will be of particular importance to those with a serious interest in the history of social welfare, of Irish social thought and politics, and of British governance in Ireland in the early nineteenth century.
- Author : Anonim
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 1995
- Genre : City planning and redevelopment law
- Pages : 231
- ISBN : UOM:39015039874329
Now featuring a full-color design, the best-selling text for policy analysis provides students with a comprehensive overview of social welfare policy in the United States while examining cutting-edge issues. Thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the impact of dramatic changes in social welfare policy, the Fifth Edition continues to focus on how the major sectors of social welfare policy-the voluntary, governmental, and corporate sectors-operate and co-exist (the "pluralist approach"), while also offering a clear, user-friendly framework for policy analysis. Book jacket.
'. . . the book makes clear that there is a consensus on the need for and desire for change'-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REVIEW
Now that responsibility for welfare policy has devolved from Washington to the states, Winston examines how the welfare policymaking process has changed. Under the welfare reform act of 1996, welfare was the first and most basic safety net programme to be sent back to state control. Will the shift help or further diminish programmes for low-income people, especially the millions of children who comprise the majority of the poor in the US? In this text Winston probes the nature of state welfare politics under devolution and contrasts it with welfare politics on the national level. She analyses the influence of interest groups and other key actors in the legislative process at both the state and national levels. She compares the legislative process during the 104th Congress (1995-96) with that in three states - Maryland, Texas and North Dakota - and finds that the debates in the states saw a more limited range of participants, with fewer of them representing poor people, and fewer competing ideas.
- Author : Margaret Helen Whalen
- Publisher : Unknown
- Release Date : 2005
- Genre : Electronic dissertations
- Pages : 234
- ISBN : MSU:31293027365372
New arrangements for child welfare policy emerged gradually as superintendents, visiting agents, and charity officials responded to the difficulties that they encountered in running orphanages or creating systems that served as alternatives to institutional care.
How are industrialized counties adapting to the changes provoked by an ageing population/ Includes eight detailed studies from Canada, Denmark, France, Japan, Spain, Sweden, the UK and the USA/.