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Presents an overview of the history of poverty in America and includes excerpts from primary source documents, short biographies of influential people, and more.
"This volume is an excellent overview of the dimensions and sources of American poverty. John Iceland combines statistical data, theoretical arguments, and historical information in a book that is highly readable and will very likely become a standard reference for students of poverty."—William Julius Wilson, author of When Work Disappears "In just a few short pages, Iceland brings anyone--lay reader, student, professional researcher--up to speed on the major issues and debates about poverty in America. With succinct and engaging prose, Poverty in America covers the gamut--from theoretical issues to measurement to history to public policy--better than any other book out there right now."—Dalton Conley, author of Honky "Must reading on a tough and important topic. With some answers that may surprise, Iceland sorts out competing theories of why people are poor in the richest country in the world. His book should motivate every reader--policy maker, researcher, citizen-- to think hard about what it means to be poor today and how our society can best reduce the hardship and poverty still with us."—Constance F. Citro, National Research Council of the National Academies, Washington, D.C.
How has the U.S. dealt, throughout its long history, with one of the worlds oldest problems? Although poverty has always been part of the human experience, societal reactions and responses to it have been as varied as the condition has been static. Poverty in America has its own turbulent history of causes, effects, and remedies, from debtor's prison to the War on Poverty, from Social Darwinism to food stamps. This in-depth encyclopedia covers the entire history of American poverty from every angle—historical, social, cultural, political, spiritual, and literary. How has poverty been defined in America? What has been done to prevent it? How have minority groups been affected? How has the church reacted? And what, if anything, can be done to eliminate it? Poverty in America covers these issues in vivid detail, from the colonial period to the Industrial Revolution to the global economy of the 21st century. Impactful primary document excerpts from key periods throughout American history are also included, providing firsthand accounts from all sides of the issue. A chronology of events and an extensive bibliography round out this fascinating work.
This timely, needed volume focuses on the 9 million people in the U.S. living in poverty in rural settings. Rural poverty is not confined to one section of the country or to on ethnic group. It is a national problem, and the resolution of hidden America's persistent economic plight will depend on a better understanding of who is poor and why. This book's clear, authoritative chapters describe the declining opportunities available in rural areas--- including the social, educational, and political factors that so often pose barriers to economic advancement. economic plight will now depend on a better understanding of who is poor and why. This book's clear, authoritative chapters describe the declining opportunities available in rural areas--including the social, educational, and political factors that so often pose barriers to economic advancement.
This challenging volume reflects the breadth of the debate over the existence of poverty in the United States and what can be done to eradicate it. With contributions from 21 distinguished social scientists and policy analysts, the book represents the diversity of ideas on how to effectively reduce the social ills of poverty, welfare dependency and the `underclass'. Four areas of focus in anti-poverty efforts are examined in depth: education, community empowerment, job training and social intervention.
An “engrossing collection of rigorously researched articles” from Elizabeth Warren, Jared Bernstein, William Julius Wilson, and more (Publishers Weekly). Can the wealthiest nation in the world do anything to combat the steadily rising numbers of Americans living in poverty—or the tens of millions of Americans living in “near poverty”? In this book, some of the country’s most prominent scholars, businesspeople, and community activists answer with a resounding yes. Published in conjunction with one of the country’s leading anti-poverty centers, Ending Poverty in America brings together respected social scientists, journalists, neighborhood organizers, and business leaders—both liberal and conservative—to tackle hot-button issues such as job creation, schools, housing, and family-friendly social policy, offering a template for a renewed public debate and a genuine effort to confront this urgent issue that undermines the long-term security of our nation. Contributors include: Jared Bernstein, Anita Brown-Graham, Carol Mendez Cassell, Richard Freeman, Angela Glover-Blackwell, Jacob Hacker, Harry Holzer, Jack F. Kemp, Ronald Mincy, Katherine S. Newman, Melvin L. Oliver, Dennis Orthner, David K. Shipler, Beth Shulman, Michael A. Stegman, Elizabeth Warren, William Julius Wilson.
- Author : James Jennings
- Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
- Release Date : 1994
- Genre : Political Science
- Pages : 209
- ISBN : 0275949842
A guide to the key issues and writings on urban poverty in contemporary America.
This bibliography is a comprehensive treatment of poverty in the United States. It summarizes the major economic, historical, literary, sociological, and other social science literature written over the past century on this topic. It also evaluates individual contributions and relates these writings to one another, thus providing a broad perspective on the different additions to our knowledge of poverty and poverty prevention. The major themes covered in this book are the measurement, causes, and consequences of poverty, and potential policy solutions to the problem of poverty. Specific chapters address the history of poverty in the U.S., the development of poverty measures and their limitations, and the problems with the current U.S. welfare system as a means of reducing poverty. Individual chapters also address the impoverishment of specific groups of Americans--women, children, minorities, residents of urban ghettos, and those who live in rural areas of the United States.
Examines the nature of poverty in America, its effects on children, women, the elderly, and racial minorities, and past and present efforts to fight it.
"Poverty and the Government in America: A Historical Encyclopedia" looks at one of the most important and controversial issues in U.S. history. Debated vigorously every election year, poverty is a topic that no politician at any level of government can escape. Ranging from colonial times to the New Deal, from Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty to welfare reform and beyond, it is the only encyclopedia focused exclusively on policy initiatives aimed at underprivileged citizens and the impact of those initiatives on the nation. "Poverty and the Government in America" offers over 170 entries on policies implemented to alleviate poverty--their historic contexts, rationales, and legacies. The encyclopedia also features separate essays on how poverty has been addressed at federal, state, local, and Native American tribal levels throughout U.S. history. Complimented by a richly detailed chronology and a wealth of primary documents, these features help readers grasp both the broad contours of government efforts to fight poverty and the details and results of specific policies.
A timely examination of the effects of the Great Recession on Americans and the resulting federal reforms to healthcare, employment, and housing policies as a means to alleviate poverty.
Precise connections between race, poverty, and the condition of America's cities are drawn in this collection of seventeen essays. Policymakers and scholars from a variety of disciplines analyze the plight of the urban poor since the riots of the 1960s an
"Wealth and Poverty in America" is an accessible collection of over 20 important essays on the complex relationship between the rich and poor in the United States. It first presents classic and contemporary selections that form theories of where wealth comes from and why wealth tends to concentrate in the hands of the few. This set of readings deals with wealth at a more systematic, rather than individual, level. Next, the book deals with the question of why certain individuals - based on position in the economy, or accident of birth - can expect to have greater or lesser chances of being rich (or poor), and how inequality gets reproduced. It goes on to offer a series of the most important classic and contemporary readings that focus on the life of the upper class and the daily experience of being poor in America. The final section opens up the question of what is possible in terms of the distribution of material rewards in America.
Presents an analysis of the recent increase of poverty in the United States, even among the middle class, describing twelve steps that can be undertaken to give the poor more equitable access to housing, education, and health care.