This work contains two separate biographical accounts of Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, the man considered to be the father of Europe. One account was penned by the French, medieval biographer, Eginhard, who in 791 joined the royal court to serve as an epic poet, grammarian, mathematician, architect, and ultimately a confidante to the King. Eginhard's work is believed to be the most accurate portrayal of Charlemagne, and perhaps more importantly, as the finest biography of its time. This edition also contains the highly anecdotal "life" of Charlemagne, penned by the Monk of Saint Gall, who is now commonly believed to be Notker the Stammerer. This monk, a native-German speaker, wrote the volume at the request of Charles the Fat, great-grandson of Charlemagne. Although its accuracy has been scorned by historians, several of the monk's amusing and witty tales have been revived in modern biographies of this powerful monarch. This edition is printed on premium acid-free paper.
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Einhard's Life of Charlemagne is an absorbing chronicle of one of the most powerful and dynamic of all medieval rulers, written by a close friend and adviser. In elegant prose it describes Charlemagne's personal life, details his achievements in reviving learning and the arts, recounts his military successes and depicts one of the defining moments in European history: Charlemagne's coronation as emperor in Rome on Christmas Day 800AD. By contrast, Notker's account, written some decades after Charlemagne's death, is a collection of anecdotes rather than a presentation of historical facts.
Two revealingly different accounts of the life of the most important figure of the Roman Empire Charlemage ?known as the father of Europe?was one of the most powerful and dynamic of all medieval rulers. The biographies brought together here provide a rich and varied portrait of the king from two perspectives: that of Einhard, a close friend and adviser, and of Notker, a monastic scholar and musician writing fifty years after Charlemagne?s death.
"To speak another language is to have another soul." Charlemagne (748-814) was the King of the Franks from 768, the King of the Lombards from 774, and the Emperor of the Romans from 800. He united the majorityof central and western Europe and was the first recognized emperor to rule fromwestern Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire centuries earlier. Einhard (775-840) and Notker the Stammerer (840-912) were early Frankish scholarswho both wrote works on Charlemagne's life such as: Vita Karoli Magni byEinhard and Gesta Karoli by Notker the Stammerer.
Charlemagne's impact on Europe -- on the world -- cannot be underestimated. He brought together diverse cultures in his empire, supported scholarship, and established the power of the Christian church. In Early Lives of Charlemagne, we receive two views of the emperor within a century of his death. According to translator and editor A.J. Grant, the differences are instructive. In the treatment by Eginhard, who was Charlemagne's personal secretary, we read a "restrained, positive, well-arranged narrative" that "distorts the facts of history wonderfully little." In contrast, the Monk of Saint Gall's version was written about seventy years after the emperor's death, when "the mist of legend and myth steamed up rapidly from the grave of a well-known figure." Taken together, these essays provide information not only about Charles the Great, but also about the task of writing history and biography.
Early Lives of Charlemagne is a collection of two biographies of the emperor, one by Einhard, and the other by the Monk of St. Gall.
"Translations of ninth-century lives of the emperors Charlemagne (by Einhard and Notker) and his son Louis the Pious (by Ermoldus, Thegan, and the Astronomer). Presented chronologically and contextually, with commentary"--Provided by publisher.
Invented History, Fabricated Power begins with an examination of prehistoric beliefs (in spirits, souls, mana, orenda) that provided personal explanation and power through ritual and shamanism among tribal peoples. On this foundation, spiritual power evolved into various kinds of divine sanction for kings and emperors (Sumerian, Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Indian, Chinese and Japanese). As kingships expanded into empires, fictional histories and millennia-long genealogies developed that portrayed imperial superiority and greatness. Supernatural events and miracles were attached to religious founders (Hebrew, Hindu, Buddhist, Christian, Islamic). A unique variation developed in the Roman Church which fabricated papal power through forgeries in the first millennium CE and the later “doctrine of discovery” which authorized European domination and conquest around the world during the Age of Exploration. Elaborate fabrications continued with epic histories and literary cycles from the Persians, Ethiopians, Franks, British, Portuguese, and Iroquois Indians. Both Marxists and Nazis created doctrinal texts which passed for economic or political explanations but were in fact self-aggrandizing narratives that eventually collapsed. The book ends with the idealistic goals of the current liberal democratic way of life, pointing to its limitations as a sustaining narrative, along with numerous problems threatening its viability over the long term.
Among the readings included are several existing letters by Emma (Einhard's wife), The Life of Charlemagne, and The History of His Relics. The latter work transports us into an almost unknown world as Einhard, the cool rationalist, arranges for a relic salesman, a veritable bone seller, to acquire saints’ relics from Italy for installation into his new church. The reader is taken on an intrigue-filled trip to Rome, where Einhard's men creep into churches at night to steal bones and then spirit them away to Einhard in the north. The relics are received in town after town as if they were the living saints come to cure the infirm. Einhard's descriptions of the sick, the lame, and the blind of northern Europe vividly expose us to a side of medieval life too rarely encountered in other medieval sources.
"Charlemagne-Carolus Magnus, Charles the Great, King of the Franks and Emperor of the West-was born in 742 AD, and became the undisputed leader of one of the greatest power blocks in history-The Holy Roman Empire. Charlemagne's empire was founded on the fighting prowess of the Franks, a confederacy of ferocious barbarian tribes from the German Rhinelands, and filled the vacuum left by the fall of Ancient Rome. His extensive realm, often enlarged under the pretence of spreading Christianity, included France, Germany, Italy and many other territories. A ruthless campaigner, shrewd politician and statesman and a highly successful general, Charlemagne set the scene for the vast Empire which was to last in various forms right into the twentieth century when it finally collapsed with the fall of Imperial Germany in 1918. This volume in the HEROES AND WARRIORS series tells the story of his life, his campaigns against the 'new barbarians' - the Slavs, Avars and Saxons - and of his heroism and achievements which have been celebrated in history and literature as amongst the most colourful and fascinating in early Europe. Four specially commissioned colour plates, photographs, maps and line drawings illustrate the text."--BOOK COVER.
Traces the evolution of diplomatic immunity and analyzes the practice from ancient times to the present in Western and non-Western cultures. Privileges and immunities are placed in historical and cultural context, and the significance of domestic legislation and international conventions is discussed. The authors also study the influence of certain judicial decisions and their underlying rationales. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Now, with the chamber boarded up, came what was probably the heart of the proceedings. Four or five dogs and two more oxen were slaughtered, as well as fifteen horses that had first been run to exhaustion. The furniture, tools and carriages scattered across the foredeck were bathed in their blood.Stones were then piled over the ship, breaking many of the grave-goods and rendering them unusable. The sights and sounds accompanying such an orgy of blood-letting we might perhaps be able to imagine, the atmosphere conjured by it probably not. As the mourners then set about completing the mound the sight before them must have been eerie and awe-inspiring, the blood-spattered ship with its cargo of dead women seeming to lurch forward across the field in a last attempt to shake off the engulfing wave of dark earth rising behind it. The meadow flowers preserved from this stage of the proceedings were autumnal, showing that the whole process from the opening of the furrow to the closing of the mound must have taken about four months. Clearly at least one of the women had died long before the burial took place.
- Author : R. C. van Caenegem
- Publisher : Amsterdam ; New York : North-Holland Publishing Company ; New York : distributors for the U.S.A. and Canada, Elsevier/North Holland
- Release Date : 1978
- Genre : Civilization, Medieval
- Pages : 428
- ISBN : UOM:39015031764650